Leaf Type: Deciduous
Mature Height: 18-24 m (60-80 ft)
Fall Color: Yellow
Native Range: American elms are common and are found across more than half of the United States.
American elms can be characterized by their distinctive, arching canopy. Leaves are green, alternate, and have double serrated margins between seven and 20 cm long. Flowers can self-pollinate and are small and purple-brown in color, while the fruits of this tree include a flat, small samara, a winged dry fruit like that on a maple tree, with a circular wing. We recommend not sampling the fruits & nuts of the trees and plants here at Adventure Science Center.
● Before Dutch Elm Disease, American elm trees lived to be 200 years or older, but today, individual trees rarely survive beyond 30 years.
● American elm flowers are hermaphroditic, meaning they have both male and female parts, an adaptation that allows this tree to reproduce on its own.
● The iconic and picturesque Mall and Liberty Walk in New York City’s Central Park are lined with majestic American elm trees.
Did you know that trees provide homes for animals, keep us cool and clean our air? Click here to learn more about the benefits that trees provide to us and our world.
This site has a rich human history, including the story of the Bass Street Community, one of the first Free Black neighborhoods in Nashville. Click here to learn more about St. Cloud Hill and its many inhabitants over the years.